How Does Top Loading Washing Machine Work?

Washing machines have been a boon for grueling and back-breaking washing labor. With advanced technology, several models and designs have come into the market, making the daunting task of washing a lot easier. Washers come in different colors, sizes, and styles but Top load washers remain to be the leaders in the market.

A washing machine blends water’s thermal energy with agitated fabric’s mechanical energy and detergent’s chemical action to clean clothes.

Working of a Top load Washing Machine

The features and number of cycles differ from varying designs to different manufacturers to a variant range of prices.

There are 2 kinds of top-loaded washing machines

  • Standard
  • High efficiency

Standard top load

This employs a central agitator to agitate fabrics in this type. There are similar propeller paddles to agitate clothes movement via the water that is loaded in the machine. The agitation continues from top to bottom for the entire wash cycle. This forces detergent and water into the fabric and loosens its dirt.

Primary Features

  • Mandatory manual work of rinsing, drying, and transfer of clothes to the dryer compartment.
  • The elimination of stains is not a hundred percent.
  • Scrubbing of clothes required

High-efficiency top load

They carry a drum that rotates around an axis that is horizontal, just like in a front load washing machine. However, there’s no door in the front but instead, have a top load that is liftable just like in a standard top load. The entire operation is just like a front loader in spinning. It makes use of the water that is half the amount used in a standard top load. A major benefit to this type of top load fully automatic washing machine is that there is no need for the bellows seal of folded rubber similar to front-load design. This design intends to trap the soil and moisture that can result in odors. This type of top-loaded washing machine has a symmetrical bearing pair instead of a single bearing that is positioned on the side.

For both types, once the load selection, wash cycle, and the user does the temperature of the water, water is filled in the outer tub. In a standard type of top load, the clothes are covered with water whereas in a high-efficiency top-load makes use of 40% less water. In a high-efficiency type, the tub bottom that has an agitator covers the clothes with water by drawing in along the wash cycle.

Primary Features

  • No manual work except for putting them on a clothesline after finishing.
  • A hundred percent stain removal.
  • No need to scrub clothes
  • Enhanced wash cycle features enabled

Top loaded washing machines are mechanically simple, with more and more designs being developed. There are enhanced modes and wash cycles in the latest designs. It is advantageous to have a vertical design to permit detergent, fabric softener, and bleach to function with centrifugal and gravitational force. Also, it allows simple water movement in and out, thereby reducing contamination and mold formation.

Rakesh Yadav